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    Kyrgyzstan Geography - 2004

      Central Asia, west of China

      Geographic coordinates:
      41 00 N, 75 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 198,500 sq km
      water: 7,200 sq km
      land: 191,300 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than South Dakota

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,878 km
      border countries: China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,051 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      none (landlocked)

      dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone

      peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Kara-Daryya (Karadar'ya) 132 m
      highest point: Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy) 7,439 m

      Natural resources:
      abundant hydropower; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc

      Land use:
      arable land: 7.04%
      permanent crops: 0.39%
      note: Kyrgyzstan has the world's largest natural growth walnut forest (1998 est.)
      other: 92.57%

      Irrigated land:
      10,740 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      water pollution; many people get their water directly from contaminated streams and wells; as a result, water-borne diseases are prevalent; increasing soil salinity from faulty irrigation practices

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; entirely mountainous, dominated by the Tien Shan range; many tall peaks, glaciers, and high-altitude lakes

      NOTE: The information regarding Kyrgyzstan on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kyrgyzstan Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kyrgyzstan Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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