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    Colombia Geography - 2004

      Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama

      Geographic coordinates:
      4 00 N, 72 00 W

      Map references:
      South America

      total: 1,138,910 sq km
      land: 1,038,700 sq km
      note: includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, Serrana Bank, and Serranilla Bank
      water: 100,210 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly less than three times the size of Montana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 6,004 km
      border countries: Brazil 1,643 km, Ecuador 590 km, Panama 225 km, Peru 1,496 km (est.), Venezuela 2,050 km

      3,208 km (Caribbean Sea 1,760 km, North Pacific Ocean 1,448 km)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands

      flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pico Cristobal Colon 5,775 m
      note: nearby Pico Simon Bolivar also has the same elevation

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 1.9%
      other: 96.14% (1998 est.)
      permanent crops: 1.96%

      Irrigated land:
      8,500 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      highlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil and water quality damage from overuse of pesticides; air pollution, especially in Bogota, from vehicle emissions

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note:
      only South American country with coastlines on both North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Colombia on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Colombia Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Colombia Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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