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Kiribati Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Oceania, group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator and the International Date Line, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        717 sq km

        land area:
        717 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than four times the size of Washington, DC

        includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      1,143 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds

    • Terrain:
      mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs

    • Natural resources:
      phosphate (production discontinued in 1979)

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:

        natural hazards:
        typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Climate Change

    • Note:
      20 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Makatea in French Polynesia and Nauru

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