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Kiribati


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Kiribati

        conventional short form:
        Kiribati

        former:
        Gilbert Islands

    • Digraph:
      KR

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Tarawa

    • Administrative divisions:
      3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands

        note:
        in addition, there are 6 districts (Banaba, Central Gilberts, Line Islands, Northern Gilberts, Southern Gilberts, Tarawa) and 21 island councils (Abaiang, Abemama, Aranuka, Arorae, Banaba, Beru, Butaritari, Kanton, Kiritimati, Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei, Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa, Tabiteuea, Tabuaeran, Tamana, Tarawa, Teraina; note - one council for each of the inhabited islands)

    • Independence:
      12 July 1979 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 12 July (1979)

    • Constitution:
      12 July 1979

    • Legal system:
      NA

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        President (Beretitenti) Teburoro TITO (since 1 October 1994); Vice President (Kauoman-ni-Beretitenti) Tewareka TENTOA (since 12 October 1994); election last held on 30 September 1994 (next to be held by NA 1999)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by the president from an elected parliament

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        House of Assembly (Maneaba Ni Maungatabu):
        elections last held on 22 July 1994 (next to be held by NA 1999); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (40 total; 39 elected) Maneaban Te Mauri 13, National Progressive Party 7, independents 19

    • Judicial branch:
      Court of Appeal, High Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      National Progressive Party, Teatao TEANNAKI; Christian Democratic Party, Teburoro TITO; New Movement Party, leader NA; Liberal Party, Tewareka TENTOA; Maneaba Party, Roniti TEIWAKI; Maneaban Te Mauri, leader NA

        note:
        there is no tradition of formally organized political parties in Kiribati; they more closely resemble factions or interest groups because they have no party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures

    • Member of:
      ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IFC, IFRCS (associate), IMF, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, ITU, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UNESCO, UPU, WHO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:
      Kiribati has no mission in the US

    • US diplomatic representation:
      the ambassador to Fiji is accredited to Kiribati

    • Flag:
      the upper half is red with a yellow frigate bird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue with three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean


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