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    Svalbard Geography - 2004

      Northern Europe, islands between the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea, Greenland Sea, and Norwegian Sea, north of Norway

      Geographic coordinates:
      78 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references:
      Arctic Region

      total: 62,049 sq km
      note: includes Spitsbergen and Bjornoya (Bear Island)
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 62,049 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than West Virginia

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      3,587 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 4 NM
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM unilaterally claimed by Norway but not recognized by Russia

      arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the year

      wild, rugged mountains; much of high land ice covered; west coast clear of ice about one-half of the year; fjords along west and north coasts

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Arctic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Newtontoppen 1,717 m

      Natural resources:
      coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, phosphate, wildlife, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (no trees, and the only bushes are crowberry and cloudberry) (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      ice floes often block the entrance to Bellsund (a transit point for coal export) on the west coast and occasionally make parts of the northeastern coast inaccessible to maritime traffic

      Environment - current issues:

      Geography - note:
      northernmost part of the Kingdom of Norway; consists of nine main islands; glaciers and snowfields cover 60% of the total area

      NOTE: The information regarding Svalbard on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Svalbard Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Svalbard Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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