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    Solomon Islands Geography - 2004

      Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea

      Geographic coordinates:
      8 00 S, 159 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 28,450 sq km
      water: 910 sq km
      land: 27,540 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      5,313 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      continental shelf: 200 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather

      mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Makarakomburu 2,447 m

      Natural resources:
      fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel

      Land use:
      arable land: 1.5%
      permanent crops: 0.64%
      other: 97.86% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      typhoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      strategic location on sea routes between the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Solomon Islands on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Solomon Islands Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Solomon Islands Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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