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    Saint Lucia Geography - 2004

      Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

      Geographic coordinates:
      13 53 N, 60 68 W

      Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 616 sq km
      water: 10 sq km
      land: 606 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      158 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      contiguous zone: 24 NM

      tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to April, rainy season from May to August

      volcanic and mountainous with some broad, fertile valleys

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mount Gimie 950 m

      Natural resources:
      forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential

      Land use:
      arable land: 4.9%
      permanent crops: 23%
      other: 72.1% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      30 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      hurricanes and volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil erosion, particularly in the northern region

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere, are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean

      NOTE: The information regarding Saint Lucia on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Saint Lucia Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Saint Lucia Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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