New Zealand Main Index
New Zealand Introduction - 2004
SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK
The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. In that same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both World Wars. New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances.
NOTE: The information regarding New Zealand on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of New Zealand Introduction 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about New Zealand Introduction 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.