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    Howland Island Geography - 2004

      Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia

      Geographic coordinates:
      0 48 N, 176 38 W

      Map references:

      total: 1.6 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 1.6 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      6.4 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun

      low-lying, nearly level, sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef; depressed central area

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 3 m

      Natural resources:
      guano (deposits worked until late 1800s), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      0 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

      Environment - current issues:
      no natural fresh water resources

      Geography - note:
      almost totally covered with grasses, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; small area of trees in the center; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife

      NOTE: The information regarding Howland Island on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Howland Island Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Howland Island Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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