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    Gambia The Main Index

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    Gambia, The Geography - 2004

      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

      Geographic coordinates:
      13 28 N, 16 34 W

      Map references:

      total: 11,300 sq km
      land: 10,000 sq km
      water: 1,300 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly less than twice the size of Delaware

      Land boundaries:
      total: 740 km
      border countries: Senegal 740 km

      80 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
      contiguous zone: 18 NM
      continental shelf: not specified

      tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)

      flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 53 m

      Natural resources:

      Land use:
      arable land: 19.5%
      permanent crops: 0.5%
      other: 80% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      20 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years)

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Gambia, The on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gambia, The Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gambia, The Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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