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    French Guiana Geography - 2004

      Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname

      Geographic coordinates:
      4 00 N, 53 00 W

      Map references:
      South America

      total: 91,000 sq km
      water: 1,850 sq km
      land: 89,150 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Indiana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,183 km
      border countries: Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km

      378 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation

      low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m

      Natural resources:
      bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), petroleum, kaolin, fish, niobium, tantalum, clay

      Land use:
      arable land: 0.11% NEGL
      permanent crops: 0.03%
      other: 99.86% (90% forest, 10% other) (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      20 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding

      Environment - current issues:

      Geography - note:
      mostly an unsettled wilderness; the only non-independent portion of the South American continent

      NOTE: The information regarding French Guiana on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of French Guiana Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about French Guiana Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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