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    Estonia Government - 2004

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of Estonia
      conventional short form: Estonia
      local short form: Eesti
      former: Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
      local long form: Eesti Vabariik

      Government type:
      parliamentary republic


      Administrative divisions:
      15 counties (maakonnad, singular - maakond): Harjumaa (Tallinn), Hiiumaa (Kardla), Ida-Virumaa (Johvi), Jarvamaa (Paide), Jogevamaa (Jogeva), Laanemaa (Haapsalu), Laane-Virumaa (Rakvere), Parnumaa (Parnu), Polvamaa (Polva), Raplamaa (Rapla), Saaremaa (Kuressaare), Tartumaa (Tartu), Valgamaa (Valga), Viljandimaa (Viljandi), Vorumaa (Voru)
      note: counties have the administrative center name following in parentheses

      regained on 20 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 24 February (1918); note - 24 February 1918 is the date Estonia declared its independence from Soviet Russia; 20 August 1991 is the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union

      adopted 28 June 1992

      Legal system:
      based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts

      18 years of age; universal for all Estonian citizens

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Arnold RUUTEL (since 8 October 2001)
      head of government: Prime Minister Juhan PARTS (since 10 April 2003)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, approved by Parliament
      election results: Arnold RUUTEL elected president on 21 September 2001 by a 367-member electoral assembly that convened following Parliament's failure in August to elect then-President MERI's successor; on the second ballot of voting, RUUTEL received 188 votes to Parliament Speaker Toomas SAVI's 155; the remaining 24 ballots were either left blank or invalid
      elections: president elected by Parliament for a five-year term; if he or she does not secure two-thirds of the votes after three rounds of balloting in the Parliament, then an electoral assembly (made up of Parliament plus members of local governments) elects the president, choosing between the two candidates with the largest percentage of votes; election last held 21 September 2001 (next to be held in the fall of 2006); prime minister nominated by the president and approved by Parliament

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Parliament or Riigikogu (101 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      election results: percent of vote by party - Center Party 25.4%, Res Publica 24.6%, Reform Party 17.7%, Estonian People's Union 13%, Pro Patria Union (Fatherland League) 7.3% People's Party Moodukad 7%; seats by party - Center Party 28, Res Publica 28, Reform Party 19, Estonian People's Union 13, Pro Patria Union 7, People's Party Moodukad 6
      elections: last held 2 March 2003 (next to be held NA March 2007)

      Judicial branch:
      National Court (chairman appointed by Parliament for life)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Center Party of Estonia (Keskerakond) [Edgar SAVISAAR, chairman]; Estonian People's Union (Rahvaliit) [Villu REILJAN]; Estonian Reform Party (Reformierakond) [Siim KALLAS]; Estonian United Russian People's Party or EUVRP [Yevgeniy TOMBERG, chairman]; Pro Patria Union (Isamaaliit) [Tunne KELAM, chairman]; Res Publica [Juhan PARTS]; Russian Baltic Party [Sergei IVANOV]; Social Democratic Party (formerly People's Party Moodukad) [Ivari PADAR, chairman]

      Political pressure groups and leaders:

      International organization participation:
      BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EU (new member), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Juri LUIK
      chancery: 2131 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20008
      consulate(s) general: New York
      FAX: [1] (202) 588-0108
      telephone: [1] (202) 588-0101

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph M. DeTHOMAS
      embassy: Kentmanni 20, 15099 Tallinn
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone: [372] 668-8100
      FAX: [372] 668-8134

      Flag description:
      pre-1940 flag restored by Supreme Soviet in May 1990 - three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), black, and white

      NOTE: The information regarding Estonia on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Estonia Government 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Estonia Government 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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