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    Comoros Geography - 2004

      Southern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique

      Geographic coordinates:
      12 10 S, 44 15 E

      Map references:

      total: 2,170 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 2,170 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      340 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

      volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Le Kartala 2,360 m

      Natural resources:

      Land use:
      arable land: 34.98%
      permanent crops: 17.94%
      other: 47.08% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      cyclones possible during rainy season (December to April); Le Kartala on Grand Comore is an active volcano

      Environment - current issues:
      soil degradation and erosion results from crop cultivation on slopes without proper terracing; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      important location at northern end of Mozambique Channel

      NOTE: The information regarding Comoros on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Comoros Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Comoros Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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