British Indian Ocean Territory Main Index
British Indian Ocean Territory Introduction - 2004
SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK
Established as a territory of the UK in 1965, a number of the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) islands were transferred to the Seychelles when it attained independence in 1976. Subsequently, BIOT has consisted only of the six main island groups comprising the Chagos Archipelago. The largest and most southerly of the islands, Diego Garcia, contains a joint UK-US naval support facility. All of the remaining islands are uninhabited. Former agricultural workers, earlier residents in the islands, were relocated primarily to Mauritius but also to the Seychelles, between 1967 and 1973. In 2000, a British High Court ruling invalidated the local immigration order that had excluded them from the archipelago, but upheld the special military status of Diego Garcia.
NOTE: The information regarding British Indian Ocean Territory on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of British Indian Ocean Territory Introduction 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about British Indian Ocean Territory Introduction 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.