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Vanuatu Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        14,760 sq km

        land area:
        14,760 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Connecticut

        includes more than 80 islands

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      2,528 km

    • Maritime claims:
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds

    • Terrain:
      mostly mountains of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains

    • Natural resources:
      manganese, hardwood forests, fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        a majority of the population does not have access to a potable and reliable supply of water

        natural hazards:
        tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April); volcanism causes minor earthquakes

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Law of the Sea

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