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    Taiwan Government - 2004
    http://www.immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/taiwan/taiwan_government.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Taiwan
      local short form: T'ai-wan
      local long form: none
      former: Formosa

      Government type:
      multiparty democratic regime headed by popularly-elected president and unicameral legislature

      Capital:
      Taipei

      Administrative divisions:
      the central administrative divisions include the provinces of Fu-chien (some 20 offshore islands of Fujian Province including Quemoy and Matsu) and Taiwan (the island of Taiwan and the Pescadores islands); Taiwan is further subdivided into 16 counties (hsien, singular and plural), 5 municipalities* (shih, singular and plural), and 2 special municipalities** (chuan-shih, singular and plural); Chang-hua, Chia-i, Chia-i*, Chi-lung*, Hsin-chu, Hsin-chu*, Hua-lien, I-lan, Kao-hsiung, Kao-hsiung**, Miao-li, Nan-t'ou, P'eng-hu, P'ing-tung, T'ai-chung, T'ai-chung*, T'ai-nan, T'ai-nan*, T'ai-pei, T'ai-pei**, T'ai-tung, T'ao-yuan, and Yun-lin; the provincial capital is at Chung-hsing-hsin-ts'un
      note: Taiwan uses the Wade-Giles system for romanization

      National holiday:
      Republic Day (Anniversary of the Chinese Revolution), 10 October (1911)

      Constitution:
      25 December 1946, amended in 1992, 1994, 1997, 1999, and 2000

      Legal system:
      based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      Suffrage:
      20 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President CHEN Shui-bian (since 20 March 2004) and Vice President Annette LU (LU Hsiu-lien) (since 20 March 2004)
      election results: CHEN Shui-bian elected president; percent of vote - CHEN Shui-bian (DPP) 51.1%, LIEN Chan (KMT) 49.9%
      elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 20 March 2004 (next to be held in March 2008); premier appointed by the president; vice premiers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the premier
      head of government: Premier (President of the Executive Yuan) YU Shyi-kun (since 1 February 2002) and Vice Premier (Vice President of the Executive Yuan) LIN Hsin-yi (since 1 February 2002)
      cabinet: Executive Yuan appointed by the president

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Legislative Yuan (225 seats - 168 elected by popular vote, 41 elected on the basis of the proportion of islandwide votes received by participating political parties, eight elected from overseas Chinese constituencies on the basis of the proportion of island-wide votes received by participating political parties, eight elected by popular vote among the aboriginal populations; members serve three-year terms) and unicameral National Assembly (300 seat nonstanding body; delegates nominated by parties and elected by proportional representation within three months of a Legislative Yuan call to amend the Constitution, impeach the president, or change national borders)
      elections: Legislative Yuan - last held 8 December 2001 (next to be held in December 2004)
      election results: Legislative Yuan - percent of vote by party - DPP 39%, KMT 30%, PFP 20%, TSU 6%, independents and other parties 5%; seats by party (2003) - DPP 88, KMT 66, PFP 46, TSU 12, independents and other parties 13

      Judicial branch:
      Judicial Yuan (justices appointed by the president with consent of the Legislative Yuan)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Democratic Progressive Party or DPP [CHEN Shui-bian, chairman]; Kuomintang or KMT (Nationalist Party) [LIEN Chan, chairman]; People First Party or PFP [James SOONG (SOONG Chu-yu), chairman]; Taiwan Solidarity Union or TSU [HUANG Chu-wen, chairman]; other minor parties including the Chinese New Party or CNP

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      Taiwan independence movement, various business and environmental groups
      note: debate on Taiwan independence has become acceptable within the mainstream of domestic politics on Taiwan; political liberalization and the increased representation of opposition parties in Taiwan's legislature have opened public debate on the island's national identity; a broad popular consensus has developed that Taiwan currently enjoys de facto independence and - whatever the ultimate outcome regarding reunification or independence - that Taiwan's people must have the deciding voice; advocates of Taiwan independence oppose the stand that the island will eventually unify with mainland China; goals of the Taiwan independence movement include establishing a sovereign nation on Taiwan and entering the UN; other organizations supporting Taiwan independence include the World United Formosans for Independence and the Organization for Taiwan Nation Building

      International organization participation:
      APEC, AsDB, BCIE, ICC, ICFTU, IOC, WCL, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      none; unofficial commercial and cultural relations with the people of the US are maintained through an unofficial instrumentality, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office (TECRO) in the US with headquarters in Taipei and field offices in Washington and 12 other US cities

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      none; unofficial commercial and cultural relations with the people on Taiwan are maintained through an unofficial instrumentality - the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) - which has offices in the US and Taiwan; US office located at 1700 N. Moore St., Suite 1700, Arlington, VA 22209-1996, telephone: [1] (703) 525-8474, FAX: [1] (703) 841-1385); Taiwan offices located at #7 Lane 134, Hsin Yi Road, Section 3, Taipei, Taiwan, telephone: [886] (2) 2709-2000, FAX: [886] (2) 2702-7675; #2 Chung Cheng 3rd Road, 5th Floor, Kao-hsiung, Taiwan, telephone: [886] (7) 224-0154 through 0157, FAX: [886] (7) 223-8237; and the American Trade Center, Room 3208 International Trade Building, Taipei World Trade Center, 333 Keelung Road Section 1, Taipei, Taiwan 10548, telephone: [886] (2) 2720-1550, FAX: [886] (2) 2757-7162

      Flag description:
      red with a dark blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white sun with 12 triangular rays


      NOTE: The information regarding Taiwan on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Taiwan Government 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Taiwan Government 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/taiwan/taiwan_government.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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