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    Venezuela Geography - 2004

      Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana

      Geographic coordinates:
      8 00 N, 66 00 W

      Map references:
      South America

      total: 912,050 sq km
      water: 30,000 sq km
      land: 882,050 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly more than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,993 km
      border countries: Brazil 2,200 km, Colombia 2,050 km, Guyana 743 km

      2,800 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      contiguous zone: 15 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

      tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

      Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Pico Bolivar (La Columna) 5,007 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds

      Land use:
      arable land: 2.99%
      other: 96.05% (1998 est.)
      permanent crops: 0.96%

      Irrigated land:
      540 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      subject to floods, rockslides, mudslides; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      sewage pollution of Lago de Valencia; oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo; deforestation; soil degradation; urban and industrial pollution, especially along the Caribbean coast; threat to the rainforest ecosystem from irresponsible mining operations

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

      Geography - note:
      on major sea and air routes linking North and South America; Angel Falls in the Guiana Highlands is the world's highest waterfall

      NOTE: The information regarding Venezuela on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Venezuela Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Venezuela Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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