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    Qatar Government - 2004

      Country name:
      conventional long form: State of Qatar
      conventional short form: Qatar
      local short form: Qatar
      note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar
      local long form: Dawlat Qatar

      Government type:
      traditional monarchy


      Administrative divisions:
      10 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah, Al Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Sa'id, Umm Salal

      3 September 1971 (from UK)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 3 September (1971)

      provisional constitution enacted 19 April 1972; in July 1999 Amir HAMAD issued a decree forming a committee to draft a permanent constitution; in the 29 April 2003 referendum, 96.6% of Qatari voters approved the new constitution

      Legal system:
      discretionary system of law controlled by the amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family and personal matters

      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 27 June 1995 when, as crown prince, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad Al Thani, in a bloodless coup); Crown Prince TAMIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, third son of the monarch (selected crown prince by the monarch 5 August 2003); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of Minister of Defense and Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces
      head of government: Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 30 October 1996) Deputy Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 20 January 1998); First Deputy Prime Minister HAMAD bin JASIM bin JABIR Al Thani (since 16 September 2003; also Foreign Minister since 1992); Second Deputy Prime Minister Abdallah bin Hamad al-ATTIYAH (since 16 September 2003; also Energy Minister since NA 1992)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary
      note: in April 2003, Qatar held nationwide elections for a 29-member Central Municipal Council (CMC), which has consultative powers aimed at improving the provision of municipal services; the first election for the CMC was held in March 1999

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members appointed)
      note: no legislative elections have been held since 1970 when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have had their terms extended every four years since; the new constitution provides for a 45-member Consultative Council, or Majlis al-Shura; the public would elect two-thirds of the Majlis al-Shura; the Amir would appoint the remaining members

      Judicial branch:
      Court of Appeal

      Political parties and leaders:

      Political pressure groups and leaders:

      International organization participation:
      ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAS, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Badr Umar al-DAFA
      telephone: [1] (202) 274-1600
      consulate(s) general: Houston
      FAX: [1] (202) 237-0061
      chancery: 4200 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Maureen E. QUINN
      embassy: Al-Luqta District, 22 February Road, Doha
      mailing address: P. O. Box 2399, Doha
      telephone: [974] 488 4101
      FAX: [974] 488 4298

      Flag description:
      maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side

      NOTE: The information regarding Qatar on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Qatar Government 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Qatar Government 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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