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    New Caledonia Geography - 2004

      Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

      Geographic coordinates:
      21 30 S, 165 30 E

      Map references:

      total: 19,060 sq km
      water: 485 sq km
      land: 18,575 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      2,254 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid

      coastal plains with interior mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m

      Natural resources:
      nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper

      Land use:
      arable land: 0.38%
      permanent crops: 0.33%
      other: 99.29% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      160 sq km (1991)

      Natural hazards:
      cyclones, most frequent from November to March

      Environment - current issues:
      erosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires

      Geography - note:
      consists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls

      NOTE: The information regarding New Caledonia on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of New Caledonia Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about New Caledonia Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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