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    Monaco Geography - 2004

      Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy

      Geographic coordinates:
      43 44 N, 7 24 E

      Map references:

      total: 1.95 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 1.95 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4.4 km
      border countries: France 4.4 km

      4.1 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers

      hilly, rugged, rocky

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mont Agel 140 m

      Natural resources:

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (urban area) (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note:
      second-smallest independent state in the world (after Holy See); almost entirely urban

      NOTE: The information regarding Monaco on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Monaco Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Monaco Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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