Mauritania Main Index
Mauritania Introduction - 2004
SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK
Independent from France in 1960, Mauritania annexed the southern third of the former Spanish Sahara (now Western Sahara) in 1976, but relinquished it after three years of raids by the Polisario guerrilla front seeking independence for the territory. Opposition parties were legalized and a new constitution approved in 1991. Two multiparty presidential elections since then were widely seen as flawed, but October 2001 legislative and municipal elections were generally free and open. Mauritania remains, in reality, a one-party state. The country continues to experience ethnic tensions between its black minority population and the dominant Maur (Arab-Berber) populace.
NOTE: The information regarding Mauritania on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mauritania Introduction 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mauritania Introduction 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.