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    Marshall Islands Geography - 2004

      Oceania, group of atolls and reefs in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

      Geographic coordinates:
      9 00 N, 168 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 181.3 sq km
      note: includes the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Kwajalein, Majuro, Rongelap, and Utirik
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 181.3 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      about the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      370.4 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      contiguous zone: 24 NM

      tropical; hot and humid; wet season from May to November; islands border typhoon belt

      low coral limestone and sand islands

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location on Likiep 10 m

      Natural resources:
      coconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals

      Land use:
      arable land: 16.67%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 83.33% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      0 sq km

      Natural hazards:
      infrequent typhoons

      Environment - current issues:
      inadequate supplies of potable water; pollution of Majuro lagoon from household waste and discharges from fishing vessels

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      two archipelagic island chains of 30 atolls and 1,152 islands; Bikini and Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein, the famous World War II battleground, is now used as a US missile test range

      NOTE: The information regarding Marshall Islands on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Marshall Islands Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Marshall Islands Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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