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    Mali Geography - 2004

      Western Africa, southwest of Algeria

      Geographic coordinates:
      17 00 N, 4 00 W

      Map references:

      total: 1.24 million sq km
      water: 20,000 sq km
      land: 1.22 million sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 7,243 km
      border countries: Algeria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Guinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauritania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      none (landlocked)

      subtropical to arid; hot and dry February to June; rainy, humid, and mild June to November; cool and dry November to February

      mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Senegal River 23 m
      highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m

      Natural resources:
      gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, hydropower
      note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited

      Land use:
      arable land: 3.77%
      permanent crops: 0.04%
      other: 96.19% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      1,380 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; divided into three natural zones: the southern, cultivated Sudanese; the central, semiarid Sahelian; and the northern, arid Saharan

      NOTE: The information regarding Mali on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mali Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mali Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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