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    Djibouti Geography - 2004

      Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia

      Geographic coordinates:
      11 30 N, 43 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 23,000 sq km
      water: 20 sq km
      land: 22,980 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Massachusetts

      Land boundaries:
      total: 516 km
      border countries: Eritrea 109 km, Ethiopia 349 km, Somalia 58 km

      314 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      desert; torrid, dry

      coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m
      highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m

      Natural resources:
      geothermal areas

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      10 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods

      Environment - current issues:
      inadequate supplies of potable water; limited arable land; desertification; endangered species

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland; Lac Assal (Lake Assal) is the lowest point in Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Djibouti on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Djibouti Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Djibouti Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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