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    Burma Geography - 2004

      Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand

      Geographic coordinates:
      22 00 N, 98 00 E

      Map references:
      Southeast Asia

      total: 678,500 sq km
      land: 657,740 sq km
      water: 20,760 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,876 km
      border countries: Bangladesh 193 km, China 2,185 km, India 1,463 km, Laos 235 km, Thailand 1,800 km

      1,930 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)

      central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Andaman Sea 0 m
      highest point: Hkakabo Razi 5,881 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 14.53%
      permanent crops: 0.9%
      other: 84.57% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      15,920 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      destructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season (June to September); periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; industrial pollution of air, soil, and water; inadequate sanitation and water treatment contribute to disease

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      strategic location near major Indian Ocean shipping lanes

      NOTE: The information regarding Burma on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Burma Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Burma Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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