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    Bhutan Geography - 2004

      Southern Asia, between China and India

      Geographic coordinates:
      27 30 N, 90 30 E

      Map references:

      total: 47,000 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 47,000 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      about half the size of Indiana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,075 km
      border countries: China 470 km, India 605 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      none (landlocked)

      varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas

      mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Drangme Chhu 97 m
      highest point: Kula Kangri 7,553 m

      Natural resources:
      timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbide

      Land use:
      arable land: 2.98%
      permanent crops: 0.43%
      other: 96.59% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      400 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      violent storms from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season

      Environment - current issues:
      soil erosion; limited access to potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; strategic location between China and India; controls several key Himalayan mountain passes

      NOTE: The information regarding Bhutan on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bhutan Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bhutan Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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