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    Argentina Geography - 2004

      Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay

      Geographic coordinates:
      34 00 S, 64 00 W

      Map references:
      South America

      total: 2,766,890 sq km
      land: 2,736,690 sq km
      water: 30,200 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US

      Land boundaries:
      total: 9,665 km
      border countries: Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,224 km, Chile 5,150 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 579 km

      4,989 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      contiguous zone: 24 NM

      mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest

      rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Laguna del Carbon -105 m (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz)
      highest point: Cerro Aconcagua 6,960 m (located in the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza)

      Natural resources:
      fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium

      Land use:
      arable land: 9.14%
      permanent crops: 0.8%
      other: 90.06% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      15,610 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast; heavy flooding

      Environment - current issues:
      environmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrializing economy such as deforestation, soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution
      note: Argentina is a world leader in setting voluntary greenhouse gas targets

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note:
      second-largest country in South America (after Brazil); strategic location relative to sea lanes between the South Atlantic and the South Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Cerro Aconcagua is South America's tallest mountain, while Laguna del Carbon is the lowest point in the Western Hemisphere

      NOTE: The information regarding Argentina on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Argentina Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Argentina Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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