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Romania


    • Population:
      23,198,330 (July 1995 est.)

        note:
        the Romanian census of January 1992 gives the population for that date as 22.749 million; the government estimates that population declined in 1993 by 0.3%

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        21% (female 2,413,933; male 2,534,019)

        15-64 years:
        67% (female 7,737,531; male 7,732,038)

        65 years and over:
        12% (female 1,604,210; male 1,176,599) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      0.09% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      13.71 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      9.93 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      -2.88 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Infant mortality rate:
      18.7 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        72.24 years

        male:
        69.31 years

        female:
        75.35 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      1.82 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Romanian(s)

        adjective:
        Romanian

    • Ethnic divisions:
      Romanian 89.1%, Hungarian 8.9%, German 0.4%, Ukrainian, Serb, Croat, Russian, Turk, and Gypsy 1.6%

    • Religions:
      Romanian Orthodox 70%, Roman Catholic 6% (of which 3% are Uniate), Protestant 6%, unaffiliated 18%

    • Languages:
      Romanian, Hungarian, German

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over can read and write (1992)

        total population:
        97%

        male:
        98%

        female:
        95%

    • Labor force:
      11.3 million (1992)

        by occupation:
        industry 38%, agriculture 28%, other 34% (1989)


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