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    Mauritius Geography 1995

      Location: Southern Africa, in the western Indian Ocean, 900 km east of Madagascar

      Map references: Africa, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 1,860 sq km
      land area: 1,850 sq km
      comparative area: slightly less than 10.5 times the size of Washington, DC
      note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 177 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or the edge of continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      International disputes: claims UK-administered Chagos Archipelago, which includes the island of Diego Garcia in UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory; claims French-administered Tromelin Island

      Climate: tropical modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)

      Terrain: small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau

      Natural resources: arable land, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 54%
      permanent crops: 4%
      meadows and pastures: 4%
      forest and woodland: 31%
      other: 7%

      Irrigated land: 170 sq km (1989 est.)

      current issues: water pollution
      natural hazards: subject to cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs
      international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Law of the Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Mauritius on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mauritius Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mauritius Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)