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    Malaysia Government 1995
    https://theodora.com/wfb/1995/malaysia/malaysia_government.html
    SOURCE: 1995 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Names:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form:
      former: Malayan Union
      Digraph: MY
      Type: constitutional monarchy
      note: Federation of Malaysia formed 9 July 1963; nominally headed by the paramount ruler (king) and a bicameral Parliament; Peninsular Malaysian states - hereditary rulers in all but Melaka, where governors are appointed by Malaysian Pulau Pinang Government; powers of state governments are limited by federal Constitution; Sabah - self-governing state, holds 20 seats in House of Representatives, with foreign affairs, defense, internal security, and other powers delegated to federal government; Sarawak - self-governing state, holds 27 seats in House of Representatives, with foreign affairs, defense, internal security, and other powers delegated to federal government

      Capital: Kuala Lumpur
      Administrative divisions: 13 states (negeri-negeri, singular - negeri) and 2 federal territories* (wilayah-wilayah persekutuan, singular - wilayah persekutuan); Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Labuan*, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Pulau Pinang, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Terengganu, Wilayah Persekutuan*

      Independence: 31 August 1957 (from UK)
      National holiday: National Day, 31 August (1957)

      Constitution: 31 August 1957, amended 16 September 1963

      Legal system: based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court at request of supreme head of the federation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
      Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Paramount Ruler JA'AFAR ibni Abdul Rahman (since 26 April 1994); Deputy Paramount Ruler SALAHUDDIN ibni Hisammuddin Alam Shah (since 26 April 1994)
      head of government: Prime Minister Dr. MAHATHIR bin Mohamad (since 16 July 1981); Deputy Prime Minister ANWAR bin Ibrahim (since 1 December 1993)
      cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the Paramount Ruler from members of parliament

      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament (Parlimen)
      Senate (Dewan Negara): consists of a 58-member body, 32 appointed by the paramount ruler and 16 elected by the state legislatures
      House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat): elections last held 21 October 1990 (next to be held by August 1995); results - National Front 52%, other 48%; seats - (180 total) National Front 127, DAP 20, PAS 7, independents 4, other 22; note - within the National Front, UMNO got 71 seats and MCA 18 seats

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court

      Political parties and leaders:
      Peninsular Malaysia: National Front, a confederation of 13 political parties dominated by United Malays National Organization Baru (UMNO Baru), MAHATHIR bin Mohamad; Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA), LING Liong Sik; Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia, LIM Keng Yaik; Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC), S. Samy VELLU
      Sabah: National Front, Tan Sri SAKARAN, Sabah Chief Minister; United Sabah National Organizaton (USNO), leader NA
      Sarawak: coalition Sarawak National Front composed of the Party Pesaka Bumiputra Bersatu (PBB), Datuk Patinggi Amar Haji Abdul TAIB Mahmud; Sarawak United People's Party (SUPP), Datuk Amar James WONG Soon Kai; Sarawak National Party (SNAP), Datuk Amar James WONG; Parti Bansa Dayak Sarawak (PBDS), Datuk Leo MOGGIE; major opposition parties are Democratic Action Party (DAP), LIM Kit Siang and Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), Fadzil NOOR
      Member of: APEC, AsDB, ASEAN, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-15, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, LORCS, MINURSO, NAM, OIC, UN, UNAVEM II, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNOMOZ, UNOSOM, UNTAC, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

      Diplomatic representation in US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Abdul MAJID bin Mohamed
      chancery: 2401 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: (202) 328-2700
      FAX: (202) 483-7661
      consulate(s) general: Los Angeles and New York
      US diplomatic representation:
      chief of mission: Ambassador John S. WOLF
      embassy: 376 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
      mailing address: P. O. Box No. 10035, 50700 Kuala Lumpur; APO AP 96535-5000
      telephone: [60] (3) 248-9011
      FAX: [60] (3) 242-2207

      Flag: fourteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top) alternating with white (bottom); there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a yellow crescent and a yellow fourteen-pointed star; the crescent and the star are traditional symbols of Islam; the design was based on the flag of the US

      NOTE: The information regarding Malaysia on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malaysia Government 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malaysia Government 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb/1995/malaysia/malaysia_government.html

    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01