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    Kenya Geography 1995

      Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the northwestern India Ocean between Tanzania and Somalia

      Map references: Africa, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 582,650 sq km
      land area: 569,250 sq km
      comparative area: slightly more than twice the size of Nevada

      Land boundaries: total 3,446 km, Ethiopia 830 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km

      Coastline: 536 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      International disputes: administrative boundary with Sudan does not coincide with international boundary; possible claim by Somalia based on unification of ethnic Somalis

      Climate: varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior

      Terrain: low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west

      Natural resources: gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barytes, rubies, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife

      Land use:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 1%
      meadows and pastures: 7%
      forest and woodland: 4%
      other: 85%

      Irrigated land: 520 sq km (1989)

      current issues: water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching
      natural hazards: NA
      international agreements: party to - Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change

      Note: the Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers on Mt. Kenya; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value

      NOTE: The information regarding Kenya on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kenya Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kenya Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)