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    France Geography 1995

      Location: Western Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean between Spain and Germany

      Map references: Europe, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 547,030 sq km
      land area: 545,630 sq km
      comparative area: slightly more than twice the size of Colorado
      note: includes Corsica and the rest of metropolitan France, but excludes the overseas administrative divisions

      Land boundaries: total 2,892.4 km, Andorra 60 km, Belgium 620 km, Germany 451 km, Italy 488 km, Luxembourg 73 km, Monaco 4.4 km, Spain 623 km, Switzerland 573 km

      Coastline: 3,427 km (mainland 2,783 km, Corsica 644 km)

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 12-24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      International disputes: Madagascar claims Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island; Comoros claims Mayotte; Mauritius claims Tromelin Island; Seychelles claims Tromelin Island; Suriname claims part of French Guiana; Mexico claims Clipperton Island; territorial claim in Antarctica (Adelie Land); Saint Pierre and Miquelon is focus of maritime boundary dispute between Canada and

      Climate: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean

      Terrain: mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees in south, Alps in east

      Natural resources: coal, iron ore, bauxite, fish, timber, zinc, potash

      Land use:
      arable land: 32%
      permanent crops: 2%
      meadows and pastures: 23%
      forest and woodland: 27%
      other: 16%

      Irrigated land: 11,600 sq km (1989 est.)

      current issues: some forest damage from acid rain; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from urban wastes, agricultural runoff
      natural hazards: NA
      international agreements: party to - Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Law of the Sea

      Note: largest West European nation; occasional warm tropical wind known as mistral

      NOTE: The information regarding France on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of France Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about France Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)