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    Ethiopia Geography 1995

      Location: Eastern Africa, between Somalia and Sudan

      Map references: Africa, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 1,127,127 sq km
      land area: 1,119,683 sq km
      comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries: total 5,311 km, Djibouti 337 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 830 km, Somalia 1,626 km, Sudan 1,606 km

      Coastline: none - landlocked

      Maritime claims: none - landlocked

      International disputes: southern half of the boundary with Somalia is a Provisional Administrative Line; territorial dispute with Somalia over the Ogaden

      Climate: tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

      Terrain: high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

      Natural resources: small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash

      Land use:
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 1%
      meadows and pastures: 41%
      forest and woodland: 24%
      other: 22%

      Irrigated land: 1,620 sq km (1989 est.)

      current issues: deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; famine
      natural hazards: geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts
      international agreements: party to - Endangered Species; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

      Note: landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 27 April 1993

      NOTE: The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ethiopia Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)