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    Estonia Geography 1995

      Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Sweden and Russia

      Map references: Arctic Region, Asia, Europe, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 45,100 sq km
      land area: 43,200 sq km
      comparative area: slightly larger than New Hampshire and Vermont combined
      note: includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea

      Land boundaries: total 557 km, Latvia 267 km, Russia 290 km

      Coastline: 1,393 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      International disputes: none

      Climate: maritime, wet, moderate winters, cool summers

      Terrain: marshy, lowlands

      Natural resources: shale oil, peat, phosphorite, amber

      Land use:
      arable land: 22%
      permanent crops: 0%
      meadows and pastures: 11%
      forest and woodland: 31%
      other: 36%

      Irrigated land: 110 sq km (1990)

      current issues: air heavily polluted with sulfur dioxide from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; contamination of soil and ground water with petroleum products, chemicals at military bases
      natural hazards: NA
      international agreements: party to - Hazardous Wastes, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change

      NOTE: The information regarding Estonia on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Estonia Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Estonia Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)