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    Armenia Geography 1995

      Location: Southwestern Asia, between Turkey and Azerbaijan

      Map references: Africa, Asia, Commonwealth of Independent States - European States, Middle East, Standard Time Zones of the World

      total area: 29,800 sq km
      land area: 28,400 sq km
      comparative area: slightly larger than Maryland

      Land boundaries: total 1,254 km, Azerbaijan (east) 566 km, Azerbaijan (south) 221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none; landlocked

      International disputes: violent and longstanding dispute with Azerbaijan over ethnically Armenian exclave of Nagorno-Karabakh; traditional demands on former Armenian lands in Turkey have greatly subsided

      Climate: highland continental, hot summers, cold winters

      Terrain: high Armenian Plateau with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley

      Natural resources: small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina

      Land use:
      arable land: 17%
      permanent crops: 3%
      meadows and pastures: 20%
      forest and woodland: 0%
      other: 60%

      Irrigated land: 3,050 sq km (1990)

      current issues: soil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; energy blockade, the result of conflict with Azerbaijan, has led to deforestation as citizens scavenge for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Lake Sevan, a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies; air pollution in Yerevan
      natural hazards: occasionally severe earthquakes (25,000 people killed in major quake in 1988); subject to drought
      international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change

      Note: landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Armenia on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Armenia Geography 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Armenia Geography 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)