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    Turkey Government - 2004
    http://www.immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/turkey/turkey_government.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of Turkey
      conventional short form: Turkey
      local long form: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti
      local short form: Turkiye

      Government type:
      republican parliamentary democracy

      Capital:
      Ankara

      Administrative divisions:
      81 provinces (iller, singular - il); Adana, Adiyaman, Afyon, Agri, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Ardahan, Artvin, Aydin, Balikesir, Bartin, Batman, Bayburt, Bilecik, Bingol, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa, Canakkale, Cankiri, Corum, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Duzce, Edirne, Elazig, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Giresun, Gumushane, Hakkari, Hatay, Igdir, Isparta, Istanbul, Izmir, Kahramanmaras, Karabuk, Karaman, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis, Kirikkale, Kirklareli, Kirsehir, Kocaeli, Konya, Kutahya, Malatya, Manisa, Mardin, Mersin, Mugla, Mus, Nevsehir, Nigde, Ordu, Osmaniye, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Sanliurfa, Siirt, Sinop, Sirnak, Sivas, Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon, Tunceli, Usak, Van, Yalova, Yozgat, Zonguldak

      Independence:
      29 October 1923 (successor state to the Ottoman Empire)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 29 October (1923)

      Constitution:
      7 November 1982

      Legal system:
      derived from various European continental legal systems; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Ahmet Necdet SEZER (since 16 May 2000)
      elections: president elected by the National Assembly for a seven-year term; election last held 5 May 2000 (next to be held NA May 2007); prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
      note: a National Security Council serves as an advisory body to the government composed of top military and cabinet officials and presided over by the president
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister
      head of government: Prime Minister Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN (14 March 2003)
      election results: Ahmed Necdet SEZER elected president on the third ballot; percent of National Assembly vote - 60%
      note: president must have a two-thirds majority of the National Assembly on the first two ballots and a simple majority on the third ballot

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Grand National Assembly of Turkey or Turkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi (550 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 3 November 2002 (next to be held NA 2007); note - a special rerun of the General Election in the province of Siirt on 9 March 2003 resulted in the election of Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN to a seat in parliament, a prerequisite for becoming prime minister on 13 March 2003
      election results: percent of vote by party - AKP 34.3%, CHP 19.4%, DYP 9.6%, MHP 8.3%, ANAP 5.1%, DSP 1.1%, and others; seats by party - AKP 363, CHP 178, independents 9; note - parties surpassing the 10% threshold are entitled to parliamentary seats; seats by party as of 15 October 2003 - AKP 368, CHP 175, DYP 3, LDP 1, independents 3

      Judicial branch:
      Constitutional Court (judges are appointed by the president); Court of Appeals and Council of State (judges are elected by the Supreme Council of Judges and Prosecutors)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Democratic Left Party or DSP [Bulent ECEVIT]; Democratic People's Party or DEHAP [Tuncer BAKIRHAN]; Justice and Development Party or AKP [Recep Tayip ERDOGAN]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Emin SIRIN]; Motherland Party or ANAP [Nesrin NAS]; Nationalist Action Party or MHP [Devlet BAHCELI]; New Turkey Party or YTP [Ismail CEM]; Republican People's Party or CHP [Deniz BAYKAL]; Saadet Party (sometimes translated as Contentment Party) or SP [Necmettin ERBEKAN]; Social Democratic People's Party or SHP [Murat KARAYALCIN]; True Path Party (sometimes translated as Correct Way Party) or DYP [Mehmet AGAR]; Young Party or GP [Cem UZAN]

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      Confederation of Public Sector Unions or KESK [Sami EVREN]; Confederation of Revolutionary Workers Unions or DISK [Suleyman CELEBI]; Independent Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association or MUSIAD [Ali BAYRAMOGLU]; Moral Rights Workers Union or Hak-Is [Salim USLU]; Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association or TUSIAD [Omer SABANCI]; Turkish Confederation of Employers' Unions or TISK [Refik BAYDUR]; Turkish Confederation of Labor or Turk-Is [Salih KILIC]; Turkish Confederation of Tradesmen and Craftsmen or TESK [Dervis GUNDAY]; Turkish Union of Chambers of Commerce and Commodity Exchanges or TOBB [M. Rifat HISARCIKLIOGLU]

      International organization participation:
      AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CE, CERN (observer), EAPC, EBRD, ECO, EU (applicant), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIK, UNMIL, UNMISET, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Osman Faruk LOGOGLU
      FAX: [1] (202) 612-6744
      consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, and New York
      chancery: 2525 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 612-6700

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Eric S. EDELMAN
      embassy: 110 Ataturk Boulevard, Kavaklidere, 06100 Ankara
      mailing address: PSC 93, Box 5000, APO AE 09823
      telephone: [90] (312) 455-5555
      FAX: [90] (312) 467-0019
      consulate(s) general: Istanbul
      consulate(s): Adana; note - there is a Consular Agent in Izmir

      Flag description:
      red with a vertical white crescent (the closed portion is toward the hoist side) and white five-pointed star centered just outside the crescent opening


      NOTE: The information regarding Turkey on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkey Government 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkey Government 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/turkey/turkey_government.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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