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    Romania Government - 2004
    http://www.immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/romania/romania_government.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Romania
      local short form: Romania
      local long form: none

      Government type:
      republic

      Capital:
      Bucharest

      Administrative divisions:
      41 counties (judete, singular - judet) and 1 municipality* (municipiu); Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Bucuresti*, Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dimbovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Ilfov, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Vilcea, Vrancea

      Independence:
      9 May 1877 (independence proclaimed from Turkey; independence recognized 13 July 1878 by the Treaty of Berlin; kingdom proclaimed 26 March 1881; republic proclaimed 30 December 1947)

      National holiday:
      Unification Day (of Romania and Transylvania), 1 December (1918)

      Constitution:
      8 December 1991

      Legal system:
      former mixture of civil law system and communist legal theory; is now based on the constitution of France's Fifth Republic

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Ion ILIESCU (since 20 December 2000)
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 26 November 2000, with runoff between the top two candidates held 10 December 2000 (next to be held 28 November 2004 [first round] and 12 December 2004 [second round]); prime minister appointed by the president
      head of government: Prime Minister Adrian NASTASE (since 29 December 2000)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
      election results: percent of vote - Ion ILIESCU 66.84%, Corneliu Vadim TUDOR 33.16%

      Legislative branch:
      bicameral Parliament or Parlament consists of the Senate or Senat (140 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Adunarea Deputatilor (345 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms)
      elections: Senate - last held 26 November 2000 (next to be held 28 November 2004); Chamber of Deputies - last held 26 November 2000 (next to be held 28 November 2004)
      election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - PDSR (now PSD) 37.1%, PRM 21.0%, PD 7.6%, PNL 7.5%, UDMR 6.9%; seats by party - PSD 65, PRM 36, PNL 13, UDMR 12, PD 9, independents 5; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - PDSR (now PSD) 36.6%, PRM 19.5%, PD 7.0%, PNL 6.9%, UDMR 6.8%; seats by party - PSD 171, PRM 69, PD 29, PNL 27, UDMR 27, ethnic minorities 18, independents 4

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court of Justice (judges are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Superior Council of Magistrates)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Democratic Party or PD [Traian BASESCU]; Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania or UDMR [Bela MARKO]; National Liberal Party or PNL [Theodor STOLOJAN]; Romania Mare Party (Greater Romanian Party) or PRM [Corneliu Vadim TUDOR]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Adrian NASTASE], formerly known as the Party of Social Democracy in Romania or PDSR

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      various human rights and professional associations

      International organization participation:
      ACCT, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, EU (applicant), FAO, G- 9, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MONUC, NAM (guest), NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIK, UNMIL, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate partner), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Sorin Dumitru DUCARU
      consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York
      FAX: [1] (202) 232-4748
      telephone: [1] (202) 332-4846, 4848, 4851
      chancery: 1607 23rd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Michael E. GUEST
      embassy: Strada Tudor Arghezi 7-9, Bucharest
      mailing address: American Embassy Bucharest, Department of State, 5260 Bucharest Place, Washington, DC 20521-5260 (pouch)
      telephone: [40] (21) 210-4042
      FAX: [40] (21) 210-0395
      branch office(s): Cluj-Napoca

      Flag description:
      three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; the national coat of arms that used to be centered in the yellow band has been removed; now similar to the flag of Chad, also resembles the flags of Andorra and Moldova


      NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania Government 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania Government 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/romania/romania_government.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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