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    Northern Mariana Islands Geography - 2004

      Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

      Geographic coordinates:
      15 12 N, 145 45 E

      Map references:

      total: 477 sq km
      note: includes 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 477 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      1,482 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October

      southern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location on Agrihan 965 m

      Natural resources:
      arable land, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 15.22%
      permanent crops: 6.52%
      other: 78.26% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)

      Environment - current issues:
      contamination of groundwater on Saipan may contribute to disease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts with development

      Geography - note:
      strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Northern Mariana Islands on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Northern Mariana Islands Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Northern Mariana Islands Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)