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    India Economy - 2004
    http://www.immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/india/india_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      India's economy encompasses traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of support services. Government controls have been reduced on foreign trade and investment, and privatization of domestic output has proceeded slowly. The economy has posted an excellent average growth rate of 6% since 1990, reducing poverty by about 10 percentage points. India is capitalizing on its large numbers of well-educated people skilled in the English language to become a major exporter of software services and software workers. Despite strong growth, the World Bank and others worry about the continuing public-sector budget deficit, running at approximately 10% of GDP.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $3.022 trillion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      7.6% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $2,900 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 23.6%
      industry: 28.4%
      services: 48% (2002 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      25% (2002 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 3.5%
      highest 10%: 33.5% (1997)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      37.8 (1997)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      4.6% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      406 million (1999)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 60%, services 23%, industry 17% (1999)

      Unemployment rate:
      9.1% (2003)

      Budget:
      revenues: $48.3 billion
      expenditures: $78.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $13.5 (FY01/02 est.)

      Industries:
      textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software

      Industrial production growth rate:
      6% (2003 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      533.3 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 81.7%
      hydro: 14.5%
      other: 0.3% (2001)
      nuclear: 3.4%

      Electricity - consumption:
      497.2 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      321 million kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      1.54 billion kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      732,400 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      2.13 million bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Oil - proved reserves:
      4.33 billion bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - production:
      22.75 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      22.75 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      542.4 billion cu m (1 January 2002)

      Agriculture - products:
      rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish

      Exports:
      $57.24 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      textile goods, gems and jewelry, engineering goods, chemicals, leather manufactures

      Exports - partners:
      US 22.4%, UK 5.1%, Hong Kong 4.5%, Germany 4.3%, China 4.1% (2002)

      Imports:
      $74.15 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      crude oil, machinery, gems, fertilizer, chemicals

      Imports - partners:
      US 6.9%, Belgium 6.4%, China 4.5%, Singapore 4.4%, UK 4.4% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $95.3 billion (2003 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $2.9 billion (FY98/99)

      Currency:
      Indian rupee (INR)

      Currency code:
      INR

      Exchange rates:
      Indian rupees per US dollar - 46.58 (2003), 48.61 (2002), 47.19 (2001), 44.94 (2000), 43.06 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      1 April - 31 March


      NOTE: The information regarding India on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of India Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about India Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/india/india_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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